Does the Bible actually consider human beings to be alive from conception onward?
Y.C. from Canada asks:
CMI USA’s Lita Cosner responds:
The Bible does say that the life is in the blood, and associates breathing with nephesh chayyah (living soul) creatures. However, it is fallacious to apply these criteria to the developing child in the womb who does not yet have these characteristics to exclude him or her as human. Leave the child alone for a few weeks and he or she will have blood (or whatever other characteristic one wants to make definitional for life). Furthermore, the unborn child begins to breathe amniotic fluid as an important part of the development of the lungs (as well as receiving oxygen through the umbilical cord, which could be considered a type of ‘breathing).
Even if the child were not considered human before he or she has blood circulating, this happens around the fifth week of pregnancy, which is before most women find out they are expecting. So this does not support the vast majority of abortion ‘rights’.
There is a larger interpretive problem, however; and it could be instructive to look at it closer. This TV show is ripping one Bible verse (which is not speaking specifically about the unborn child, but about blood atonement), and treating it as if it does, while ignoring everything the Bible actually says about the unborn child and what makes human life valuable.
First, the biblical basis for the value of all human life is that human beings, uniquely out of the entire physical creation, are made in the image of God. This gives human beings dignity and value beyond that of animals. While it is permissible to kill animals for food, and animal sacrifices were commanded under the Old Covenant, if an animal or person kills an innocent human being, the Bible prescribes the death penalty.
Second, Scripture gives dignity to the unborn child. The Mosaic law prescribes punishment for unintentional harm to an unborn child (Exodus 21:22), and David in the Psalms affirmed that God knit him together when he was in his mother’s womb (Psalm 139:13). Numerous times in Scripture prophecies are given regarding unborn children. The unborn John the Baptist was filled with the Holy Spirit when Mary (pregnant with the Saviour) met John’s mother Elizabeth and “leaped for joy” (Luke 1:44).
It would make no sense to overtly condemn abortion in the Old Testament, because children were regarded as such a blessing, and sons so necessary for survival in old age, that it would be insane to intentionally abort. But there may in fact be an overt condemnation of abortion in the New Testament. The Greek word pharmakeia (‘sorcery’) and its cognates used in Galatians 5:20, Revelation 9:21, 18:23, 21:8, and 22:15 could be a reference to the use of abortifacient potions, as it does in at least one ancient work.1
Christians have been overtly anti-abortion and anti-infanticide from the earliest historical records available. It is well-known that Christians saved infants who were left to die of exposure, and early non-canonical Christian writings condemn abortion as a sin that God will judge. It would make no sense for there to be such an early, unanimous condemnation if it were not grounded in clear biblical teaching.
So rather than ripping one verse out of context to argue that the Bible doesn’t see the unborn child as living and human, we should look at the overwhelming positive statements about the humanity and value of the unborn in God’s sight.