Britannica Online entry for
The Academic American Encyclopedia, The Random House Encyclopedia,1977, The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy ,1995, The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, 1995, The Dictionary of Philosophy, Thomas Mautner, Editor,1996, The World Book Encyclopedia, 1991, The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 1967, The Encyclopedia of Religion, 1987, The Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol II, Funk and Wagnall’s New Encyclopedia Vol I, Webster’s New World Large Print Dictionary, et al. See also
Michael Newdow made this claim during an interview on the television show The Pulse, 12 July, 2002.
Shermer, Michael, How We Believe (W.H. Freeman and Company), 1999, pp. 257–258.
American Atheists, Webmaster:
Freedom From Religion Foundation, Inc., Nontract #11 What Is A Freethinker?
Head, Tom (ed.), Conversations with Carl Sagan (Literary Conversations) (Univ. Press of Mississippi), 2006, p. 77.
Whoever posted it entitled the video
During his debate with Jonathan Wells, entitled, Why Darwin Matters, CATO Institute 2006:
Ruse, Michael,
The Atheism Tapes, Part 4:
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, The Social Contract , Book 4, Chapter 8.
Wolf, Gary, The Church of the Non-Believers, Wired Magazine online (found
Rodriguez, Natalia,
Orso, Joe,
Nagel, Thomas, The Last Word, 1997, pp. 130–131.
Isaac Asimov cited in Paul Kurtz, ed., An Interview with Isaac Asimov on Science and the Bible, Free Inquiry, Spring 1982, p. 9.
Vox Day, The Irrational Atheist: Dissecting the Unholy Trinity of Dawkins, Harris, and Hitchens (Dallas, TX: BenBella Books, Inc.), 2008, p. 17. See review by Lita Cosner, J. Creation 22(3):28–31, 2008.
Audio of his lecture:
Grigg, R.,
Snow, Tony,
Stated during a 1994
Stated during an interview for the movie,
Epistemology refers to the study of the nature of knowledge; what it is, and its scope/limitations., etc. Ontology refers to the study of the nature of being, existence, or reality in general.
Benjamin Wiker,
Stated during his debate with Paul Manata entitled,
Stated during his debate with John Rankin entitled, Evolution and Intelligent Design: What are the issues?
Stated during his debate with Dinesh D’Souza entitled,
Stated during his debate with Paul Manata entitled,
Stated within an audio clip that was played during an interview with William Lane Craig entitled,
Stated during his debate with Peter Payne on the topic of ethics; audio file
The Humanist Society of Scotland,
Finley, Reginald and Davis, Matthew,
An American sit-com based around the Hindu concept of karma.
Stated during his debate with Peter Payne on the topic of ethics; audio file
Blech, Jörg,
ABC Radio National—The Religion Report,
Stated during an interview with
Ruse, Michael, Evolutionary Theory and Christian Ethics, in The Darwinian Paradigm (London: Routledge), 1989, p. 268.
Thornhill, R. and Palmer, C.T., A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion, The MIT Press, Massachusetts, 2000.
Lofton, J.,
Dawkins, Richard, River Out of Eden, p. 96.
Prof. Richard Lewontin wrote, “What seems absurd depends on one’s prejudice. Carl Sagan accepts, as I do, the duality of light, which is at the same time wave and particle, but he thinks that the consubstantiality of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost puts the mystery of the Holy Trinity ‘in deep trouble’. Two’s company, but three’s a crowd.” From Billions and Billions of Demons, Prof. Lewontin’s review of Carl Sagan’s The Demon-Haunted World. This entire, very sobering, article is posted and reviewed
Sarfati, J.,
Sarfati, J.,
Stated during an interview with Larry Taunton,
Beckford, Martin and Khan, Urmee,
“A” cannot be both “A” and non “A” at the same time and in the same relationship or “opposite assertions cannot be true at the same time” (Aristotle, Metaph, IV 6 1011b13–20).
Gibbs, W. Wayt, Profile: George F. R. Ellis—Thinking Globally, Acting Universally, Scientific American, Oct. 1995, p. 55.
Audio of the debate is
This issue has been elucidated in the following essays:
Finley, Reginald and Davis, Matthew,
Dennett, Daniel C., Breaking the Spell—Religion as a Natural Phenomenon (New York: Penguin Group), 2006, p. 326.
During his interview with Gary Wolf, Ref. 13.
Ref. 13.
Ref. 49.
Stated during an interview with Larry Taunton,
Dawkins, Richard, Now Here’s a Bright Idea;
This issue has been elucidated in the following essays:
“This chapter has contained the central argument of my book … who designed the designer”: Richard Dawkins, The God Delusion (Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.), 2006), pp. 157–158.
Sarfati, J.,
Nash, Ronald,
Cosner, L.,
Batten, D.,
Koukl, Gregory,
Hodgson, P. E., Review of Science and Creation, Nature 251:747, Oct. 24, 1974.
Harrison, P., The Bible, Protestantism and the Rise of Natural Science (Cambridge University Press), 1998.
Harrison, P., The Bible and the rise of science, Australasian Science 23(3):14–15, 2002.
Lewis, C.S., Miracles (New York: The Macmillan Co.), 1947, p. 123.
“In the Beginning … ,” Scientific American 264: 116–125, Feb. 1991.
Extracted from Ref. 73.
See also,
New Scientist 179(2403):32, 12 July, 2003.
Matthews, R., Beware of over-hyped breakthroughs: The media can hardly be blamed if scientists give their findings more spin than Rafael Nadal. BBC Focus, 200:98, March 2009.
Parsed audio of the interview is found in
Kenneth Miller is a Roman Catholic academic who ardently defends evolution. He is the darling of the atheists, who use him strategically to convince school authorities in the USA that evolution is really OK and not actually atheistic at all, all the while thinking of him as a “useful idiot”. See Woodmorappe, J., and Sarfati, J.,
Burgess, S.,
Stated during an interview with D. J. Grothe entitled, “Science and Atheism in the Blogosphere”;
Zivkovic, Bora (aka ‘Coturnix), Why teaching evolution is dangerous, <> 25 August 2008.
Sarfati, J.,
Potter, Charles Francis, Humanism: A New Religion (New York: Simon and Schuster), 1930, p. 128.
Dunphy, John, A Religion for a New Age, The Humanist, Jan/Feb 1983, p. 26.
Bozarth, G. Richard, On Keeping God Alive, American Atheist, Nov. 1977, p. 7.
Swinford, Steven,
Dawkins, Richard, The God Delusion (Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.), 2006, p. 66ff.
Sarfati, J., The Darwinian roots of the Nazi tree (Weikart review), Creation 27(4):39, 2005; <
Sarfati, J.,
Special Collector’s Edition, TIME—Great Discoveries, An Amazing Journey Through Space & Time, 2001, p. 15.
Stated during his debate with Jonathan Wells, Why Darwin Matters, CATO Institute 2006 (
Gould, Stephen Jay, In the Mind of the Beholder, Natural History 103(2):14–16, 14 Feb. 1994.
Denton, Michael, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis (Burnett Books, 1985), p. 358.
Dawkins, Richard, The Blind Watchmaker—Why the evidence of evolution reveals a universe without design (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1986), p. 6.
The Atheism Tapes, Part 4:
Ref. 98, p. 139.
Ref. 98, p. 145.
Dawkins, Richard, Climbing Mount Improbable (London, England: Penguin Books), 2006, pp. 113–114.
Dawkins, Richard, River Out of Eden— A Darwinian view of life (New York, NY: Basic Books), 1995, pp. 88–92.
Ref. 103, p. 91.
Ref. 98, p. 74.
Roger Lewin, Bones of Contention (New York, NY: A Touchstone Book published by Simon & Schuster Inc.), 1987, p. 46.
Franklin M. Harold, The Way of the Cell (Oxford University Press), 2001, p. 205.
Ref. 106, p. 37.
Wayne C. Booth and Richard Lewontin,
Misia Landau, Human Evolution as Narrative, American Scientist 72:262–268, 1984.
Ref. 106, p. 40 quoting “Human Evolution: The View from Saturn”, in The Search for Extraterrestrial Life: Recent Developments (IAU), 1985, pp. 213–21.
Ref. 106, p. 45 quoting “The Baron in the Trees”, a presentation to conference on “Variability and Human Evolution”, Rome, 24–26 Nov. 1983, ms, p. 9.
Ref. 106, p. 46.
Ref. 106, p. 37.
Misia Landau, Ibid., quoting Kermode, F., The Sense of an Ending (Oxford Univ. Press, 1967).
Ref. 106, pp. 312, 318 citing, The Myth of Human Evolution, in New Universities Quarterly (now Higher Education Quarterly) 35:427, 432. 1981.
Ref. 106, p. 32.
Ref. 106, p. 319.
Ref. 106, p. 98.
Ref. 106, p. 36.
See Young, Linda,
Brooks, A.C., Who Really Cares: The Surprising Truth about Compassionate Conservatism, Basic Books, 2006.
Frank Brieaddy, Philanthropy Expert: Conservatives Are More Generous, New House News, November 14, 2006;
Gose, Ben,
Dervic, K., et al.,
Hummer, R.A., et al.,
Hill, T.D., et al.,
Gillum, R.F., et al.,
Oman, D., et al.,
Barrett, F.M., Changes in attitudes toward abortion in a large population of Canadian university students between 1968 and 1978, Can. J. Public Health 71(3):195–200, May–June 1980.
Hemingway, Mollie Ziegler,
Bainbridge and Stark, Superstitions: Old and New, The Skeptical Inquirer, pp. 18–31, Summer 1980.
Wieland, C.,
Limb, Julia,
Rodriguez, Gregory,
Grigg, R.,
Ref. 19, p. 19, footnote states, “There are some silly bits of information floating around the Internet claiming to prove that Christians are fifty times more likely to go to prison than atheists. Of course, by cherry-picking this data, one could claim that English and Welsh Christians are 315 times more likely to go to prison than atheists and be superficially correct. One would have to be an intellectually dishonest ass to do so, though.”
Ref. 19, p. 20.
Caputo, Michael, referenced:
Ref. 19, p. 188 and footnote 15.
Quoted in Conway Zirkle, Evolution, Marxian Biology, and the Social Scene (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press), 1959, pp. 85–87.
Lenin, V.I.,
Lenin, Vladimir, Speech to the All-Russia Extraordinary Commission Staff, Collected Works Vol. 28, pp. 169–170.
Mao Zedong, in Jung Chang and Jon Halliday, Mao: The Unknown Story (Jonathan Cape, 2005), pp. 411, 457–458.
Mao Zedong, in Nicholas D. Kristof,
Lenin, Vladimir, Introduction to Religion, quoted p. 153, The Communist Conspiracy, Part I, Section A, U. S. Government Printing Office.
Ref. 149, p. 163.
Lenin, Vladimir, Tasks of the Youth League, quoted p. 68, Soviet World Outlook, U. S. Government Printing Office.
Stated during a debate with Dinesh D’Souza,
Yaroslavsky, Emilian, Landmarks in the Life of Stalin (Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing house), 1940, pp. 8–12.
Stalin, Josef, J.V. Stalin Complete Works, Vol.10, p. 138.
Young, Robert M.,
Engels, Friedrich, The Communist Manifesto (Preface to English ed. of 1888, quoted page 41, The Communist Conspiracy, Part 1, U. S. Government Printing Office.
K. Mehnert, Kampf um Mao’s Erbe (Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt), 1977.
McIntyre, Andrew,
Flynn, Daniel J., quoting
Trotskyite, Denzil Dean Harber aka Paul Dixon, Religion in the Soviet Union
Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr I.,
Day’s footnote 15, “Prof. Rummel’s term coined to describe government-instigated mass murder of its own citizens.”
Ref. 19, footnote 16, “All numbers taken from Prof. Rummel’s estimates at
Ref. 19, footnote 17, “Prof. Rummel estimates 38.5 million people killed in all the wars and civil wars throughout the twentieth century. Averaging the published murder rates for the four largest ‘countries’ in the world, China, India, the U.S.A., and the EU, at their respective high points, I calculated an approximate global murder rate of 3.12 per 100,000 population and multiplied it by an average twentieth century population of 3.82 billion to reach an estimated 11.9 million private murder victims in the twentieth century.”
Ref. 19, p. 181 footnote 4 and pp. 240–242.
Cosner, L.,
Chesterton, Orthodoxy, ch. 3, “

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Readers’ comments
Patrick A., United States of America, 1 January 1970
It is good (as well as alarming) to be reminded of the true nature of atheism and, interestingly, its direct connection to Darwinian evolution. If the statistic of “148 million dead in 90 years at the hands of 52 professing atheists” isn’t sobering then perhaps our conscience is indeed “seared” as the Apostle Paul points out. I’m afraid that the mass murder which marred the twentieth century will only be outdone by what lies in store for our current century if we don’t, as Soltzenytzin urged, repent and return to our true Creator. Great article, and well worth the extra space!
Clinton P., South Africa, 1 January 1970
Absolutely brilliant. Very well constructed.
Tim H., Netherlands, 1 January 1970
That’s a lot of ignorant and apologetic [expletive deleted] you’ve collected there!
Smarter Than You, Greece, 1 January 1970
More propaganda for your blind sheep huh? Figures. Nothing in this stupid post was even true or even logical. Damn retards. You people should stopy lying to people!
Jennifer P., Australia, 1 January 1970
Wonderful complilation on Atheism. I was blogging on American Thinker last night as a so called ‘Jenn’ wrote AN ARTICLE that she is a lapsed capital ‘A’ Atheist. I suggested she investigate One can only hope and pray people will honestly keep searching or that some bloggers on the site will do the same. ... Thanks again and God bless you all for the wonderful work you do.
Clinton P., South Africa, 1 January 1970
Smarter than You from Greece and the gentleman from the Netherlands claim that this is false, propaganda and ignorance(?), yet provide no evidence to support their stance. I found the article to be well referenced, so unless these detractors can prove otherwise, I suggest that they start researching that which they are making claims about. I firmly believe that as Christians, we are able to give a logical and reasonable answer for the faith we hold so dear. Once again, thank you CMI for your consistent stance on the Gospel and for providing a much needed ministry and outreach. God bless you and your ministry.
Michael W., United States, 1 January 1970
Amazing article, very valuable and comprehensive. The major comment I would add to help your readers is that all the various logic of God cannot prove or even indicate a triune God or the divinity of Jesus Christ. If we “prove” God exists because we need a basis for morality, or a cause for the universe, we do NOT prove that God is in particular Jesus Christ, or has a personality, or has given the particular 10 commandments we know to Moses. I suspect we learn a lot about how we think about the world when we contemplate these various logical and philosophical considerations, but we learn nothing about the connection or lack thereof of any God we thus conclude exists to the God and his rules described in Scripture.
Peter D., Australia, 1 January 1970
One thing I appreciate is honesty. So often atheists wish to pose as objectively scientific and to characterise Christians (especially the young earth kind) as ‘biased against reality’. This well-documented article serves as reality check for such unfounded statements. It should also encourage Christians to cease being ashamed of what is overall a good record. After all, modern science itself owes much to Christian men and Christian presuppositions. We ought to look to the ultimate end of any system of thought to see where it leads us. Here atheism and Christianity both have the runs on the board—with two totally different ‘scores’.
A reader, Greece, 1 January 1970
Finally someone pointed out the obvious. YES atheism IS evil, no, decent, God-fearing people are not "hindering progress", unless that progress is on the highway to hell. Do you know how many people the proverbial Spanish Inquisition sentenced to death in its hundreds of years of existence? The number didn’t even get up to three thousand… Stalin killed more people in a day. Terribly sorry, I went on a rant there… anyhow, congratulations!
Editor, , 1 January 1970
This article was posted June 11 2009, so the opportunity for submitting comments for posting has long since passed. Note that some substantive, reasoned comments by defenders of atheism have appeared as weekend feedback. See, for example, Stereotyping atheists? Readers can still submit feedback, which will be responded to and passed to the author.