It is well known that oil can form from buried animal matter, and that coal (which is buried vegetation) is in some instances being turned into oil underground. For some time now, a number of researchers have speculated that oil can also form from non-living sources, such as methane from deep in the earth. E.g. Cornell University’s Dr Thomas Gold (1920–2004) argued that oil is a “renewable primordial soup continually manufactured by the earth under ultrahot conditions and tremendous pressures. As this substance migrates toward the surface, it is attacked by bacteria, making it appear to have an organic origin dating back to the dinosaurs.”1
Vladimir Kutcherov, of Sweden’s Royal Institute of Technology, says that his research team has now conclusively demonstrated that “crude oil and natural gas are generated without the involvement of fossils.”2 The researchers simulated the environment deep underground in order to show how such organic substances would be generated from non-organic minerals by heat and pressure.3
The controversial research has huge potential implications. For one thing, it neutralizes the challenge from the Bible’s critics that there could not have been enough creatures alive on Earth at the time of Noah’s Flood to explain all the oil and gas.
It also confronts the idea that we are running out of oil, suggesting instead that by drilling deeper and in different host rocks, much more oil will be found.
The year before this announcement, Kutcherov pointed out that there were some oil fields, such as in Vietnam, pumping the black gold from rocks such as granite.4 If oil forms only from buried creatures, the host rocks should be sedimentary (laid down by water), not igneous like granite.